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  • Michael J. Conard, Jr. EA

Understanding Cryptocurrency Taxation: What You Need to Know

In the ever-evolving landscape of finance, cryptocurrency has emerged as a significant player, bringing with it a new set of challenges in taxation. As a CPA firm based in De Pere, we understand the complexities that come with crypto assets and their tax implications. This blog post aims to shed light on the essential aspects of cryptocurrency taxation, ensuring that our clients in the Green Bay area and beyond stay informed and compliant.


Cryptocurrency, like Bitcoin and Ethereum, has gained immense popularity over the past few years. However, many are unaware that these digital assets are subject to taxation. The IRS treats cryptocurrencies as property, not currency, which means they are subject to capital gains tax. This is where tax preparation becomes crucial. Every transaction, whether it's buying, selling, or exchanging crypto, has potential tax consequences. For De Pere residents dabbling in crypto, it’s essential to keep detailed records of all transactions to accurately report gains or losses.


Green Bay investors should note that the fair market value of the cryptocurrency at the time of transaction determines the tax impact. This is particularly important for tax preparation, as the volatility of crypto can lead to significant changes in value. If you use crypto to purchase goods or services, this transaction is considered a sale of the asset and must be reported accordingly. Similarly, receiving cryptocurrency as payment for goods or services constitutes taxable income.


For individuals in De Pere, it’s important to understand the distinction between short-term and long-term capital gains. Cryptocurrencies held for less than a year before selling or exchanging are subject to short-term capital gains, which are taxed at the individual's income tax rate. In contrast, long-term capital gains, applicable to assets held for more than a year, usually have lower tax rates. This distinction is vital for effective tax preparation and planning.


In the Green Bay area, there's a growing interest in mining cryptocurrencies. If you’re involved in mining, the fair market value of the mined coins at the time of receipt is considered taxable income. Additionally, if you later sell these coins, you must also report any capital gain or loss. Good tax preparation practices require keeping track of the dates of mining, the value of the cryptocurrency at that time, and any expenses incurred in the mining process.


Finally, for those in De Pere and beyond, it’s crucial to be aware of the tax implications of cryptocurrency gifts and donations. If you receive crypto as a gift, you inherit the donor's cost basis in the asset. For donations, you may be eligible for a tax deduction based on the fair market value of the crypto, provided it's been held for more than a year.

Cryptocurrency taxation can be complex, and navigating it requires a thorough understanding of current regulations and diligent tax preparation. As a CPA firm serving the Green Bay area, we are committed to helping our clients manage their cryptocurrency portfolios effectively while ensuring compliance with tax laws. Whether you're a seasoned crypto investor or just starting out, it's essential to seek professional guidance to navigate the intricacies of cryptocurrency taxation.

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